Share Term Papers Alternative Medicine

Also in 2001, NCCAM and the National Library of Medicine developed CAM on PubMed, a free, web-based access to journal citations directly related to CAM. At present, almost 40,000 citations on CAM can be found on the PubMed website. Additionally, clinically significant adverse drug-herb interactions were documented in case studies (Fugh-Berman, 2000), and St. John’s wort was shown to reduce the level of indinavir, a protease inhibitor taken by AIDS patients, in plasma (Piscitelli et al., 2000).

In 2002, NCCAM launched its Intramural Program to explore CAM treatment strategies for patients at the NIH Clinical Center, the world’s largest facility dedicated to patient-oriented research. Also in that year, the U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs agreed to provide reimbursement for chiropractic care, the Annals of Internal Medicine began a special series on CAM (17 publications), and Science Xpress published an article on positron emission spectrometry, imaging of the placebo response versus the response to opiod analgesics, thereby signalling continued interest in the application of modern technology to the mechanistic study of placebo-related phenomena.

NCCAM, whose budget had grown to $104.6 million in 2002, funded 10 international planning grants, and across NIH more than 200 research projects on CAM were ongoing. Also in that year, IOM established the Committee on the Use of Complementary and Alternative Medicine by the American Public. In 2003, the first two Centers of Excellence for Research on CAM were funded to increase scientific rigor in research on CAM. By 2004 the NCCAM budget was $117.8 million.

The following section explores in greater detail, the kinds of research and training efforts undertaken by NIH and the AHRQ

CAM ACTIVITIES AT NIH AND AHRQ

National Center for Complementary and Alternative Medicine

Twenty institutes and centers within NIH support ongoing CAM-related research, with NCCAM being the primary center for such research. According to the legislation creating NCCAM (P.L. 105-277), NCCAM’s mandate is the “conduct and support of basic and applied research (intramural and extramural), research training, and [to] disseminate health information and other programs with respect to identifying, investigating, and validating CAM treatments, diagnostic and prevention modalities, disciplines and systems.” To achieve its mandate, NCCAM focuses on four primary areas: research, research training and career development, outreach, and integration.

To guide its research efforts, NCCAM develops program priorities through a semiannual formal review process. At present, its three priority

Integrative Medicine Research (IMR) is a quarterly, peer-reviewed, subsidized open access journal focused on scientific research in integrative medicine including traditional medicine, complementary and alternative medicine, and systems medicine. The journal aims to provide new research perspectives on integrative health of the whole person, and to yield points of convergence for medical and bioscience circles. The journal includes papers on scientific research; clinical research; topical review; computational analysis and modeling; education and policy; wellbeing; lifestyle intervention; and systems approaches in integrative medicine. IMR is the official journal of Korea Institute of Oriental Medicine.

It launched in December 2012 and its abbreviated title is Integr Med Res.

The journal publishes on every last day of March, June, September and December.

This journal was supported by the National Research Foundation of Korea Grant funded by the Korean Government (MOE).

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