Ap Biology Chapter 12 Essay Questions

Dear Parents and Students,

All of my notes, calendars and tutorials are posted on SCHOOLOGY.  The information posted on this webpage is derived from the older curriculum and can be considered as extra information available for students who desire extra help.  Please sign in to your SCHOOLOGY ACCOUNT to receive this year's notes and lessons by clicking on the following link:   

 

 

 

  •  2017 OFHS AP BIOLOGY EXAM RESULTS:  
    •  Sasek Students:   88.8% Passed
    •   National Pass Rate:    63.2%
    • Congratulations on your amazing results.  I am SO Proud of you!!

                                                 

 

Welcome Students. The First section lists a ton of study sites for you to use as a reference throughout the year with practice AP exams and quizzes.  After the photos section is each unit's information, in order with support materials.

 

 

  Please feel free to email me @ dsasek@bhsd228.com  if you have any questions.

 

STUDY TOOLS FOR YOU! (ALL Individual Unit Information begin after photos)

 

1)  THE DIRTY DOZEN LABS 1-12 TUTORIALS: 

  -Lab Tutorials and Pre-lab Animations and Questions
      (Lab Bench AP Lab Tutorials)
 
 2)  AP BIOLOGY FLASH CARDS (all terms from each chapter!!)
        (chapters are off by one...our chapter 24 is their chapter 23)
     

    

 3)  BIOCOACH ACTIVITIES (helps review major concepts from each unit with quiz)

    

 

  4) PRACTICE TESTS AND QUIZZES FOR EACH UNIT!!! (check this out; worth doing!!

 

 

  5a)  MR. BOZEMAN BIOLOGY Lectures ALL TOPICS  (** GOOD STUFF)

 

   5b)  MR. BOZEMAN BIOLOGY LABS 1-12 VIDEO TUTORIAL

 

  6) REVIEW WORKSHEETS FROM EACH CHAPTER

      -http://www.biologyjunction.com/ap_worksheets.htm

 

  7)  CHAPTER STUDYGUIDES (EACH CHAPTER) Guided Reading

       -http://www.biologyjunction.com/ap_biology_guided_reading_campbe.htm

  

  8) DOWNLOADABLE LECTURE NOTES (Each Chapter):

      - http://www.biologyjunction.com/aplectures5th.htm

  9)  FULL AP PRACTICE EXAMS MULTIPLE CHOICE  (TIPS WITH PRACTICE QUESTION AND ANSWERS)

 

 

   10)  PRACTICE FREE RESPONSE QUESTIONS WITH ANSWERS ALL TOPICS BY TOPIC

 

   11)  Review AP Exams from REVIEW BOOKS

       - http://apcentral.collegeboard.com/apc/members/exam/exam_questions/1996.html? CampaignID=9248

 

  12) Cummulative list of ALL VOCAB TERMS/ALL CHAPTERS:   see how many you know!!

      - http://www.chsfalcons.org/homework/finzel/AP%20Bio%20Vocab.pdf

 

 

  1. Hamster Research Links
  • Hamster Genetics  (use this link for genetic info: we have Dwarf Campbell Russians...follow "Genetics" links to determine which traits are dominant).
  • Additional Hamster Genetics  (Hamster Genetics Direct Link)


AP Biology Dunes Succession Field Study, MILLER DUNES/PAUL H. DOUGLAS CENTER in Gary, Indiana. (September 23, 2011)



(AP Biology Macroinvertebrate Field Study, Bartel Grasslands and Frankfort Square
October, 2010)

 

 

 

(AP Biology Students at Indiana Dunes, Oct. 1, 2012 and Prairie, Yankee Woods

and Bartel Grasslands, November 20, 2012)

 

 

 ALL UNITS LISTED BELOW BY TOPIC



INTRODUCTION UNIT:  Themes/Experimental Design & Statistics


a) Chapter 1 Scientific Inquiry/Data Analysis

  • Emergence Video NOVA                                                                                                                                                                                

b)  StatisticsTutorials (Khan Academy) 

 

c) Statistics Labs with M&M's

d)  Practice Test Questions (Click on the

Unit I:  Biochemistry (Chapters 2-5)



Chapter 2:  Basic Chemistry Review 
 -Chapter 2 NOTES

 -Chapter 2 Powerpoint Notes
 -Chapter 2 Homework Study Guide
 -Chapter 2 Activity
- Emergent Properties Video
-Animations and Tutorials  (bonding, atomic number, ect)      

 -Bozeman Biology Tutorials                                                                                                                                                                  

 

  -Chapter 2 Practice Test   (click on chapter; select maximum question number 0f 40 )                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    
Chapter 3:  Properties of Water
  • -Water Powerpoint
  • -Chapter 3 Notes Water Chemistry
  •  -Chapter 3 Homework Study Guide
  • -Water Properties Activity (Book)
  • -Bozeman Biology Tutorials                                                                                                                                                                                                           
- Chapter 3 Animations 
  • -pH Animation
  • -pH Tutorial
  • -Buffer Animation
  • - Lecture on Acid/Base/Buffers and pKa
  • -Cat drinking water
  • -Dog drinking water 

     

    • Chapter 3 Practice Test   (click on chapter; select maximum of 40 )                                                                                                                                                                                                       

     

Chapter 4:  Carbon Chemistry

 

Chapter 5 Macromolecules

 

Carbs Notes

Carbs Study guide

Lipid Notes

Lipid Studyguide

Protein Notes

Protein Study Guide

Nucleic Acids Notes

Nucleic Acid Study Guide

 

 

Extra Worksheets

Worksheet 4/5.1 Identify Macromolecules

Worksheet 4/5.2 Macromolecules

Chart Cheat Sheet for Macromolecules
Amino acids chart



ANIMATIONS Of Biological Molecules (Lipids, Proteins, Carbs, Nucleic Acids)
macromolecules animation
step by step biomolecules tutorial with quiz
types of chemical reactions animation
hydrolysis/dehydration synthesis animation 1
hydrolysis/dehydration synthesis animation 2
You tube animation of biomolecules (good one)
Protein Folding (know this one1)
Protein Folding and pH Animation
Protein Folding Again
Advanced Protein Folding
Amino Acids and pH animation

Review Self-Quizzes
Chapter 5 Practice quiz (Choose Chapter)
REVIEW CHAPTER 4 and 5     (HIGHLY RECOMMENDED)
Functional groups Quiz Interactive
DNA vs. RNA quiz


Unit II:  Cell Energy  (Chapters 8-10)

 


Chapter 8 Thermodynamics/Enzymes

  1.  NOTES AND WORKSHEETS

 

  1. Gibbs Energy and Thermodynamics Online Tutorials
  1. ENZYMES Animations and Tutorials

 

  1. Enzyme Lab #2:  One of the "Big 13" 

 

 

 

 

Chapter 9 Respiration

 

Chapter 10 Photosynthesis  

         look at all of the photosynthesis quizzez and take them...use the animations for photosynthesis under "Web Links" as

         a wonderful tutorial.  These worksheets and quizzez will be used in class as study tools. 

              http://highered.mcgraw-hill.com/sites/0072437316/student_view0/chapter10/chapter_quiz.html

 



Unit III: Ecology Unit (CHAPTERS 51-55)


  • Chapter 51 Animal Behavior

 

  • Chapter 50 and 52:  Introduction to the Biosphere and Population Ecology

 

  • Chapter 52 Video Lecture:  Population Ecology   
      • Watch Population Ecology:  Unlimited Resources
      • Watch Population Ecology:  Limited Resources
      • Watch Population Ecology:  r versus K
      • Watch Pop. Ecol:  Intraspecific competition
      • Watch Pop. Ecol:  Interspecific competition
      • Watch Pop. Ecol:  Predation
      • Watch Pop. Ecol:  Niches and ALSO symbiosis!!

 

 

Chapter 53:  Community Ecology 

 

Semester 1 Ecology Review Question Answers (1-44)

Sem1 Ecology Sample Questions Review Answers

 

Unit IV:   Cell Biology Ch. 6,7,11,12


 

  • Cell Video Lectures Cell Techniques   (if you can't find video directly through link, search under my mindbites)

 

  • Cell Video Lectures, Cell Structure and Organelles
 

Chapter 7 Cell Membranes/Transport

  • 1. 

    The centromere is a region in which

    • A. 

      Chromatids are attached to one another.

    • B. 

      Metaphase chromosomes become aligned.

    • C. 

      Chromosomes are grouped during telophase.

    • D. 

      The nucleus is located prior to mitosis.

    • E. 

      New spindle microtubules form.

  • 2. 

    What is a chromatid?

    • A. 

      A chromosome in G1 of the cell cycle

    • B. 

    • C. 

      A chromosome found outside the nucleus

    • D. 

      A special region that holds two centromeres together

    • E. 

      Another name for the chromosomes found in genetics

  • 3. 

    What is the name for the special region on a duplicated chromosome that holds the sister chromatids together?

    • A. 

    • B. 

    • C. 

    • D. 

    • E. 

      Microtubule organizer region

  • 4. 

    Starting with a fertilized egg (zygote), a series of five cell divisions would produce an early embryo with how many cells?

    • A. 

    • B. 

    • C. 

    • D. 

    • E. 

  • 5. 

    If there are 20 chromatids in a cell, how many centromeres are there?

    • A. 

    • B. 

    • C. 

    • D. 

    • E. 

  • 6. 

    Which of the following statements is not true?

    • A. 

      Mitosis produces new nuclei with exactly the same chromosomal endowment as the parent nucleus.

    • B. 

      Mitosis may occur without cytokinesis.

    • C. 

      Mitosis and cytokinesis are required for asexual reproduction.

    • D. 

      All cells come from a preexisting cell.

    • E. 

      The mitotic spindles in prokaryotic cells are composed of microtubules.

  • 7. 

    The lettered circle in the figure above shows a diploid nucleus with four chromosomes. There are two pairs of homologous chromosomes, one long and the other short. One haploid set is symbolized as black and the other haploid set is gray. The chromosomes in the unlettered circle have not yet replicated. Choose the correct chromosomal conditions for the following stage. *At prometaphase of mitosis

  • 8. 

    The lettered circle in the figure above shows a diploid nucleus with four chromosomes. There are two pairs of homologous chromosomes, one long and the other short. One haploid set is symbolized as black and the other haploid set is gray. The chromosomes in the unlettered circle have not yet replicated. Choose the correct chromosomal conditions for the following stage. one daughter nucleus at telophase of mitosis

  • 9. 

                    A.     telophase                 B.     anaphase                 C.     prometaphase                 D.     metaphase                 E.     prophase Choose the answer from the above that best fits the description: Two centrosomes are arranged at opposite poles of the cell.

  • 10. 

                    A.     telophase                 B.     anaphase                 C.     prometaphase                 D.     metaphase                 E.     prophase   Choose the answer from above that best fits this description: Centrioles begin to move apart in animal cells.

  • 11. 

                    A.     telophase                 B.     anaphase                 C.     prometaphase                 D.     metaphase                 E.     prophase   Choose the answer from above that best fits this description: This is the longest of the mitotic stages. D

  • 12. 

                    A.     telophase                 B.     anaphase                 C.     prometaphase                 D.     metaphase                 E.     prophase   Choose the answer from above that best fits this description: Centromeres uncouple, sister chromatids are separated, and the two new chromosomes move to opposite poles of the cell.

  • 13. 

    If cells in the process of dividing are subjected to colchicine, a drug that interferes with the functioning of the spindle apparatus, at which stage will mitosis be arrested?

    • A. 

    • B. 

    • C. 

    • D. 

    • E. 

  • 14. 

    A cell containing 92 chromatids at metaphase of mitosis would, at its completion, produce two nuclei containing how many chromosomes?

    • A. 

    • B. 

    • C. 

    • D. 

    • E. 

  • 15. 

    If the cell whose nuclear material is shown above continues toward completion of mitosis, which of the following events would occur next?

    • A. 

    • B. 

    • C. 

      Nuclear envelope breakdown

    • D. 

      Formation of telophase nuclei

    • E. 

  • 16. 

    All of the following occur during prophase of mitosis in animal cells except

    • A. 

      The centrioles move toward opposite poles.

    • B. 

      The nucleolus can no longer be seen.

    • C. 

      The nuclear envelope disappears.

    • D. 

      Chromosomes are duplicated.

    • E. 

      The spindle is organized.

  • 17. 

    If there are 20 centromeres in a cell at anaphase, how many chromosomes are there in each daughter cell following cytokinesis?

    • A. 

    • B. 

    • C. 

    • D. 

    • E. 

  • 18. 

    If there are 20 chromatids in a cell at metaphase, how many chromosomes are there in each daughter cell following cytokinesis?

    • A. 

    • B. 

    • C. 

    • D. 

    • E. 

  • 19. 

    Where do the microtubules of the spindle originate during mitosis in both plant and animal cells?

    • A. 

    • B. 

    • C. 

    • D. 

    • E. 

  • 20. 

    All of the following occur during mitosis except the

    • A. 

      Condensing of chromosomes.

    • B. 

      Uncoupling of chromatids at the centromere.

    • C. 

    • D. 

    • E. 

      Disappearance of the nucleolus.

  • 21. 

    If a cell has 8 chromosomes at metaphase of mitosis, how many chromosomes will it have during anaphase?

    • A. 

    • B. 

    • C. 

    • D. 

    • E. 

  • 22. 

    Cytokinesis usually, but not always, follows mitosis. If a cell completed mitosis but not cytokinesis, the result would be a cell with

    • A. 

    • B. 

      High concentrations of actin and myosin.

    • C. 

      Two abnormally small nuclei.

    • D. 

    • E. 

      Two nuclei but with half the amount of DNA.

  • 23. 

    Regarding mitosis and cytokinesis, one difference between higher plants and animals is that in plants

    • A. 

      The spindles contain microfibrils in addition to microtubules, whereas animal spindles do not contain microfibrils.

    • B. 

      Sister chromatids are identical, but they differ from one another in animals.

    • C. 

      A cell plate begins to form at telophase, whereas animals a cleavage furrow is initiated at that stage.

    • D. 

      Chromosomes become attached to the spindle at prophase, whereas in animals chromosomes do not become attached until anaphase.

    • E. 

      Spindle poles contain centrioles, whereas spindle poles in animals do not.

  • 24. 

    How do the daughter cells at the end of mitosis and cytokinesis compare with their parent cell when it was in G1 of the cell cycle?

    • A. 

      The daughter cells have half the amount of cytoplasm and half the amount of DNA.

    • B. 

      The daughter cells have half the number of chromosomes and half the amount of DNA.

    • C. 

      The daughter cells have the same number of chromosomes and half the amount of DNA.

    • D. 

      The daughter cells have the same number of chromosomes and the same amount of DNA.

    • E. 

      The daughter cells have the same number of chromosomes and twice the amount of DNA.

  • 25. 

    The formation of a cell plate is beginning across the middle of a cell and nuclei are re-forming at opposite ends of the cell. What kind of cell is this?

    • A. 

      An animal cell in metaphase

    • B. 

      An animal cell in telophase

    • C. 

      An animal cell undergoing cytokinesis

    • D. 

      A plant cell in metaphase

    • E. 

      A plant cell undergoing cytokinesis

  • 26. 

    Taxol is an anticancer drug extracted from the Pacific yew tree. In animal cells, taxol disrupts microtubule formation by binding to microtubules and accelerating their assembly from the protein precursor, tubulin. Surprisingly, this stops mitosis. Specifically, taxol must affect

    • A. 

      The fibers of the mitotic spindle.

    • B. 

    • C. 

      Formation of the centrioles.

    • D. 

    • E. 

      The S phase of the cell cycle.

  • 27. 

    Which of the following are primarily responsible for cytokinesis in plant cells?

    • A. 

    • B. 

    • C. 

    • D. 

      Centrioles and basal bodies

    • E. 

  • 28. 

    Which of the following organisms does not reproduce cells by mitosis and cytokinesis?

    • A. 

    • B. 

    • C. 

    • D. 

    • E. 

  • 29. 

    Chromosomes first become visible during ________ of mitosis.

    • A. 

    • B. 

    • C. 

    • D. 

    • E. 

  • 30. 

    The correct sequence of steps in the M phase of the cell cycle is

    • A. 

      Prophase, prometaphase, metaphase, anaphase, telophase.

    • B. 

      Prophase, metaphase, prometaphase, anaphase, telophase.

    • C. 

      Prophase, prometaphase, metaphase, anaphase, telophase, cytokinesis.

    • D. 

      Prophase, metaphase, anaphase, telophase, cytokinesis.

    • E. 

      Cytokinesis, telophase, prophase, prometaphase, metaphase, anaphase.

  • 31. 

    During which phases of mitosis are chromosomes composed of two chromatids?

    • A. 

      From interphase through anaphase

    • B. 

      From G1 of interphase through metaphase

    • C. 

      From metaphase through telophase

    • D. 

      From anaphase through telophase

    • E. 

      From G2 of interphase through metaphase

  • 32. 

    Which of the following is false regarding the bacterial chromosome?

    • A. 

      It consists of a single, circular DNA molecule.

    • B. 

      DNA replication begins at the origin of replication.

    • C. 

      Its centromeres uncouple during metaphase of mitosis.

    • D. 

      It is highly folded within the cell.

    • E. 

      It has genes that control binary fission.

  • 33. 

    In which group of eukaryotic organisms does the nuclear envelope remain intact during mitosis?

    • A. 

    • B. 

    • C. 

    • D. 

    • E. 

  • 34. 

    Movement of the chromosomes during anaphase would be most affected by a drug that

    • A. 

      Reduces cyclin concentrations.

    • B. 

      Increases cyclin concentrations.

    • C. 

      Prevents elongation of microtubules.

    • D. 

      Prevents shortening of microtubules.

    • E. 

      Prevents attachment of the microtubules to the kinetochore.

  • 35. 

    Measurements of the amount of DNA per nucleus were taken on a large number of cells from a growing fungus. The measured DNA levels ranged from 3 to 6 picograms per nucleus. In which stage of the cell cycle was the nucleus with 6 picograms of DNA?

    • A. 

    • B. 

    • C. 

    • D. 

    • E. 

  • 36. 

    A group of cells is assayed for DNA content immediately following mitosis and is found to have an average of 8 picograms of DNA per nucleus. Those cells would have ________ picograms at the end of the S phase and ________ picograms at the end of G2.

    • A. 

    • B. 

    • C. 

    • D. 

    • E. 

  • 37. 

    The somatic cells derived from a single-celled zygote divide by which process?

    • A. 

    • B. 

    • C. 

    • D. 

    • E. 

  • 38. 

    Cytoskeletal elements play important roles in cell division.  The mitotic spindle apparatus is made of ________ and pulls sister chromatids apart, whereas the contractile ring is made of ________ and required for the separation of daughter cells at the end of the mitotic phase of the cell cycle.

    • A. 

      Intermediate filaments; actin microfilaments

    • B. 

      Microtubules; actin microfilaments

    • C. 

      Microtubules; contractile filaments

    • D. 

      Intermediate filaments; contractile filaments

    • E. 

      Actin microfilaments; myosin

  • 39. 

    Imagine looking through a microscope at a squashed onion root tip. The chromosomes of many of the cells are plainly visible. In some cells, replicated chromosomes are aligned along the center (equator) of the cell. These particular cells are in which stage of mitosis?

    • A. 

    • B. 

    • C. 

    • D. 

    • E. 

  • 40. 

    If mammalian cells receive a go-ahead signal at the G1 checkpoint, they will

    • A. 

      Move directly into telophase.

    • B. 

      Complete the cycle and divide.

    • C. 

      Exit the cycle and switch to a nondividing state.

    • D. 

      Show a drop in MPF concentration.

    • E. 

      Complete cytokinesis and form new cell walls.

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